The Netherlands - Limburg
Limburg is a province in the south of the Netherlands known for its beautiful landscapes, historic cities and atmospheric vineyards. In recent decades, the province has seen steady growth in wine production, and Limburg is now considered one of the most important wine-growing regions in the Netherlands.
The region has a long history of wine production. Many vineyards were planted in the late Middle Ages, but wine growing in Limburg fell into decline due to the Little Ice Age in the 16th and 17th centuries and the grape phylloxera plague in the 19th century. Only in the 20th century did wine production begin to grow again.
Limburg has a temperate maritime climate, which is favorable for wine growing. The hilly landscapes and southern location provide optimal sunshine, while the cool nights help maintain freshness and acidity in the grapes. The soils range from loess, marl to gravel, allowing winegrowers to utilize different terroirs for different grape varieties.
Limburg has planted a diversity of grape varieties, with white grapes predominating. Well-known grape varieties in Limburg are Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Auxerrois, and Johanniter for white wines, and Pinot Noir, Dornfelder, Regent, and Cabernet Cortis for red wines. Johanniter is a native crossbreed that thrives in Limburg conditions.